Graphene - Exposure

The biological effects of graphene and graphene-related materials are dependent on their physico-chemical properties. Also existing coatings significantly determine their biological effect.

Currently, there are no data regarding the environmental exposure of graphene.

The biological effect of graphene-related materials on different human and animal cells was investigated in several studies. However, the results and conclusions are partly inconsistent.

In animal experiments graphene was found to cause damage to the lungs after inhalation. Small fragments, however, are removed through self-cleaning mechanisms.


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